aphtha, pl. aphthae

1. In the singular, a small ulcer(s) on a mucous membrane.

2. In the plural, stomatitis charactized by intermittent episodes of painful oral ulcers of unknown etiology that are covered by gray exudate, are surrounded by an erythematous halo, and range from several millimeters to 2 cm in diameter; they are limited to oral mucous membranes that are not bound to periosteum, occur as solitary or multiple lesions, and heal spontaneously in one to two weeks. Syn: aphthae minor, aphthous stomatitis, canker sores, recurrent aphthous stomatitis, recurrent aphthous ulcers, recurrent ulcerative stomatitis, ulcerative stomatitis.


[G. ulceration]

Bednar’s aphthae

herpetiform aphthae

aphthae major

Mikulicz‘ aphthae

aphthae minor

recurrent scarring aphthae